Showing 8 ideas for tag "bioengineering"
(@andrei) kudos icon +

Autotherapies

Oral diseases control by modulating biofilms pathogenicity

Dental caries and periodontal disease are biofilm-related infections. An imbalance in biofilms composition can lead to disbyosis and onset of the disease. The final aim of preventive therapies should be to restore healthy mutual relationships between oral biofilms and human body rather than achieving biofilm eradication, microbial killing or antifouling surfaces.
In this sense, a biofilm can act as a reservoir for the... more »
(@asmb2017) kudos icon +

Autotherapies

Extracellular Matrix in Oral Tissue Health and Regeneration

Cellular & microbial interactions with the extracellular matrix in oral cavity calcified & non-calcified tissues are major determinants of structural & functional oral health. Proposed: multi-disciplinary approaches to increase understanding of multi-faceted roles of extracellular matrix (ECM) in craniofacial dev., inflammation & tissue repair, innate & adaptive immunity, microbial-host tissue interactions, and in... more »
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Autotherapies

Restorative Materials that Mimic Nature

The primary reason that composite restorations fail is recurrent decay. Recurrent decay is a pernicious problem for patients ― the defective restoration will be replaced with a larger restoration that will fail, this will lead to replacement with an even larger restoration, possible root canal and eventually tooth loss. Engineered peptides coupled to novel material chemistries can break this vicious cycle by inhibiting... more »
(@karanpalsinghmann) kudos icon +

Autotherapies

Tooth as Bio-Scaffold

Tooth can be used as bioscaffold by decellularizing and demineralizing the permanent human tooth by controlled way of chemical use. The Extracellular matrix of the pulp and dentin acts as niche for the mesenchymal stem cell to grow and differentiate into odontoblasts and can recalcify the tooth again.Using autologous stem cell to reseed these scaffolds and then implanting them in the socket after immidiate extration... more »
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Autotherapies

Chemokine-based immunotherpaies

Controlled expression of chemokines could be used to direct select immune cells to the microenvironment of diseased or injured tissues. Since different chemokines will recruit particular immune cells based on the chemokine receptors those cells express, it may be possible to add or induce the expression of specific chemokines at local sites of disease or injury to recruit “good” or desired immune cells to that location,... more »
(@kylevining) kudos icon +

Autotherapies

Immune Engineering

The immune system broadly can regulate development, regeneration, and disease, but it is not yet well understood how to harness the immune system to treat autoimmune or chronic inflammatory disease or to promote regeneration. Multi-disciplinary research, which deepens our knowledge of immunology as well as develops engineering approaches to tune cell behavior, may enable future advancements in immunotherapies in oral... more »
(@basloomans) kudos icon +

Autotherapies

Development of fatigue-resistant and self-healing composites

Dental composites are nowadays widely used and are made of an acrylic resin matrix reinforced with glass filler microparticles. Unfortunately, due to the formation of microcracks approximately 25% of the replacements are caused by fracture of the restoration. The development of novel self-healing and fatigue-resistant composite restorations with the capacity to repair cracks in situ for extended periods of time would... more »